California SB 178 Seeks to Apply Warrant Requirement to Electronic Devices and Online Data
The California Senate is currently reviewing the proposed California Electronic Communications Privacy Act (SB 178), which generally requires law enforcement entities to obtain a search warrant before accessing data on an electronic device or from an online service provider. The purpose of the bill is to codify and expand on existing case law pertaining to electronic devices and online privacy. SB 178 is co-sponsored by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the California Newspaper Publishers Association.
Among other things, the bill requires the issuance of a search warrant or wiretap order before a government entity can (1) compel the production of or access to electronic communication information from a service provider, (2) compel the production of or access to electronic device information from any person or entity except the authorized possessor of the device, and (3) access electronic device information by means of physical interaction or electronic communication with the device.